Short Contents of BSM

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Chapter 1. Introduction

 

Chapter 2. Matter, space and fields

2.1. Basic particles in observable Universe. 1

2.2 Basic definitions and physical laws. 1

2.3 Guessed property of the intrinsic matter 3

2.4.1. Inertia of objects made of intrinsic matter in empty space. 5

2.5 Dynamical interactions between spatially ordered prisms 6

2.6. Gravitational lattices in empty space. 7

2.7. Helical structures and ordered systems. 11

2.7.A Identification of the atomic and subatomic particles 15

 2.7.A.2 Primary particles. Identification of atomic and subatomic particles. 15

2.8 Modified rectangular lattice in the internal space of the hellical structures 17

2.9 Dynamical property of the Cosmic gravitational lattice 23

2.10 Disturbance of the lattice space around the helical structures. 33

2.11 Light velocity in CL space 49

2.13 Physical meaning of the Plank’s constant, by using the basic parameters of CL space. 58

2.14. Basic measurable parameters of the CL space. 60

2.16 Confined motion of the helical structures in CL space. 64

2.17 Definition parameters of CL space 65

 

Chapter 3. Electron system (electron)

3.1 Electron system configuration and basic features. 1

3.2 Electron system oscillations  and lattice pumping effect leading to a photon emission.

      “Annihilation” or  change of state of the matter. 4

3.3 Confine motion of the electron system. Electron spin. 5

3.4 Electrical field of the electron system at confined motion 6

3.5 Dynamical properties of the electron system in confined motion 9

3.6 Dimensions of the electron system. 12

3.7 Interaction between moving electron and external electrical field 14

 3.8 Interaction between moving electron and external magnetic field 14

3.9 Quantum motion  at optimal and suboptimal velocities. Quantum velocities. 15

3.10 Electron acceleration 19

3.11 Magnetic moment and gyromagnetic factor of the moving electron 19

3.11.A Relativistic motion of the electron. Relativistic gamma factor and quantum efficiency. 23

3.12 Quantum loops and orbits 25

3.13 Estimation of basic CL parameters by the parameters of the electron system. Derivation of

        the mass equation. 28

3.14. Free positron. Newtonian mass and Planck’s constant estimated by its motion in CL space. 31

3.15 Dynamic pressure of CL space 32

3.16 Scattering experiments for electron and positron from the point of view of the BSM theory 32

3.17 Positronium 33

 

Chapter 4. Superconductive state of the matter.

4.0 CL space inside a solid body 1

4.1. Normal and superconductive operational mode of CL node. 1

 4.2 The electron system at the superconductive state of the matter 3

4.4 QE and FQHE experiments as an example of active control of the light velocity in the sample 10

4.5 More about the superconductivity 22

 

Chapter 5. Zero Point Energy of the CL space.

5.1 Zero point energy of CL space and its relation to the Cosmic Background Radiation 1

5.2 Derivation of expressions about the CL space background temperature. 1

5.3 CL space background temperature expressed by the parameters of CL space. 2

5.4 Estimation of the hidden Zero Point Energy 3

 

Chapter 6. Basic atomic particles and their structures. Interaction between the RL structures and CL space

6.1 Atomic and subatomic particles. Conversion processes. 1

6.2 Virtual particles (waves) 2

 6.3 Neutrino 3

6.4 High energy particle collision 3

6.5 Neutral pion  9

6.6 Ifinities in Feynman diagram. 9

6.7 Eta particle 10

6.8.  “Antiproton” 10

6.9 High energy particle collision 10

6.10 Physical explanation of the Newtonian gravitation and inertia of the elementary particles as

         interactions between IG(CP) forces of the RL(T) structures from one side  and the CL space

         from the other. 26

6.11. Common characterization parameters of the protoneutron, proton and neutron. 30

6.12  Proton 30

6.13 Neutron 36

6.14 Neutrino particle classification 38

 

Chapter 7  Hydrogen atom

7.1 Proton as a nucleus of the Hydrogen atom 1

7.2 Bohr surface of the Hydrogen atom 1

7.2.1 Proton electrical field 1

7.2.2 Relation between the BSM model of the Hydrogen atom and Bohr model 1

7.3 Coulomb force inside the Bohr surface 3

7.4 Orbital planes for the Hydrogen series. 4

7.5 Effect of the orbiting electron on the atomic motion in CL space. 5

7.6 Quantum motion of the electron in electrical field. Quasishrunk CL space. 6

7.7 Quantum orbit conditions for orbits inside the Bohr surface. 7

7.8 Model of Balmer series 9

7.9 Photon emission and absorption. Physical explanation of uncertainty principle. 16

7.10 Electron spin and fine structure line splitting 17

7.11 Pauli exclusion principle. Magnetic fields inside the Bohr surface. 17

7.12 Superfine spectral line  structure 18

7.13 Lamb shift 18

 7.14 Zeeman and Stark effects. 18

7.15 Cross validation of the Hippoped curve concept, for the shape and dimensions of the proton

        and the quantum orbits. 18

 

Chapter 8. Nuclear atomic structures.

8.1 BSM view about the Bohr model of Hydrogen and the Quantum Mechanical model of the

      atoms 1

8.2 BSM concept about the atomic structure 1

8.3 Atlas of  atomic nuclear structures 1

8.4 Experimental data in support of atomic nuclear structure according to BSM. 9

8.5 First ionization potential 14

8.6. Atoms in different aggregate state of the matter 15

8.7. Nuclear magnetic resonance applied for atomic element 17

8.8. Giant resonance 18

8.9 Scattering experiments 18

 8.10 Three dimensional view of the atomic nucleus 19

8.11 Electron series in atoms with larger Z number 19

8.12 Spin orbit interaction 19

8.13 Identification of orbits according to QM notation 20

8.14 Ions 21

8.15 Some aspects of photon emission and absorption 23

8.16 Feromagnetic hypothesis 23

 

Chapter 9.  Molecules

9.1 Type of chemical bond 1

9.2 Theoretical syntheses of chemical compounds 2

9.3 Concept of integrated Bohr surfaces 4

9.4 Molecular spectra as a signature of molecular oscillations 5

9.5 Molecular oscillating model of BSM 6

9.6 Vibrational bands of H2 ortho-I state. 21

9.7. Theoretical analysis of H2 ortho-I molecule oscillations 23

9.8 D2 ortho-I molecule as a single valence  bonding system in the molecules. 28

9.9 Interactions in quantum quasishrink space 32

9.10. H2 para molecule as a most simple example of diatomic homonuclear molecule with quasirotational vibration 37

9.11. Discussion about the bonding energy at equilibrium and the rotational constants of H2 and D2 molecules. 37

9.12. Verification of CIG factor. 37

9.13. Molecules (or fractions of molecules) with II-nd type of oscillations. 41

9.14. Information about the molecular configuration, provided by the PE spectra 42

9.15. IG energy balance for system of diatomic homonuclear molecule 42

9.16. Oxygen molecule and its different states. 45

9.17 NH3 molecule 52

9.18 Molecules with folded vibrational-rotational spectra 52

9.19 CO2 molecule 53

9.20 Water molecule 54

 

Chapter 10. Time, Inertia and Gravitation in CL space

10.1 Origin of time 1

10.2 Some aspects of the fine structure constant 1

10.3 Inertia 2

10.4 Theoretical analysis of the inertia in CL space. Partial CL pressure and force moment 6

10.5 Hypothesis of CL space separation surface 11

10.6 Total energy balance of moving macrobody 13

10.7 Local CL space of FOHS and CL space volume of single particle. 22

10.7.A Low range limit of the Newton’s gravitational law 23

10.8. Hypothesis of upper limit of the atomic number 24

 10.9 Mass grow of astronomical body by matter accumulation. 25

10.10 Interactions through the separation surface 26

10.11 Concept of folding unfolding process. Peeling mechanism hypothesis. 26

10.12. Interactions between the folded nodes and  the planetary atmosphere. 27

10.13. Interaction between folded nodes and   the local CL spaces of Sun and Earth. Cosmic microwave background anisotropy 29

10.14 Magnetic field hypothesis (for astronomical object) 30

10.15 Physical explanation of the phenomena  of General Relativity: 32

10.16 Special relativistic phenomena 33

10.17. Coriolis force 34

10.18. Proper time and time dilation effect 34

 

Chapter 11. Relation between the BSM theory and the modern physics

11.1 BSM theory as a new approach in Physics 1

11.2 BSM theory and the Classical mechanics 2

11.3 BSM theory and the Quantum mechanics 2

11.4 BSM theory and the Theory of Relativity (TR). 5

 

Chapter 12. Cosmology

12.A.1. Introduction 1

12.A.2. Weak points of the Big Bang concept 1

12.A.3. Introduction into the BSM concept about the Universe: 2

12.A.4 Low level structure of the intrinsic matter 2

12.A.5. Formation of upper order congregations in the surface region of bulk matter. 9

12.A.7. Weak dependence of IGRM period from the congregational order 14

12.A.8. Processes of primordial bulk matter of two substances leading to eruption 14

12.A.9. Prisms formation 16

12.A.10. Summary about the features and  processes in low level matter organization 18

12.A.11. Galaxy egg and its internal evolution. 18

12.B.  BSM concept of stationary universe 24

12.B.1 Recycling and incubation phases 24

12.B.2. Subphase of galaxy collapse 25

12.B.3. Subphases from the process of prisms destruction to the birth of new galaxy 25

12.B.4 Deviation of prisms parameters for prisms from different recycles 25

12.B.4.1 Condition for interconnection between CL spaces from different prism recycles 25

 12.B.4.2 Cosmological red shift 26

Hypothesis of GSS radiation 27

12.B.5. Phenomena indicating the death or birth of a galaxy in the Universe 31

12.B.6 Active galaxy life 38

12.B.6.1 Some features of galaxy evolution after the explosion of the galaxy egg 38

12.B.6.2. Galaxy rotational curve 42

12.B.6.3 Some features of the processes of  star formation and their evolution 43

12.B.6.4 Pulsars 45

12.B.6.5 Alternative ends of star evolution:   black hole, binary pulsar, or supernovae 55

12.B.7. Remnants from previous galaxy life 58

12.B.8 Interacting galaxies 62

12.B.9 Cosmological anisotropy. 62

12.B.10 Crab nebular and pulsar 63

12.B.11 Quasars 64

12.B.12 Lyman Alpha Forest 66

12.B.13 Estimation of cosmological distances 66

12.B.14. Hypothesis of galaxy CL space layers 74

12.B.15. CL structure stability 76


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