(Thesis about matter, space and time)
The space in which we live and observe possesses underlying material structure in the micro-scale range, where some basic physical laws appear differently. All physical phenomena are explainable in 3D + 1 space-time dimensions, once the matter and its properties in that particular range are understood.
The Zero Point Energy is a subject of increased interest in the recent years. Many researchers in the extremely tough field of gravitation and inertia express the opinion that some of the vacuum parameters might be manageable1,2.The quantum theory also does not exclude the option that in some physical processes the vacuum parameters could be modified. Such modification is usually referenced as a vacuum polarization. The understanding of the vacuum features appears obviously helpful in the low energy experiments of fusion reaction3.
BSM is a type of unified field theory developed according to the principles of causality, physical objectivity and human logic. The basic adopted postulates whose definitions rely on a classical approach are reduced to a minimum number (only three). The BSM theory suggests a concept, according to which the surrounding space (vacuum), contains underlying structure, characterized with distributed energy, quantum features and conditions for electrical, magnetic and gravitational fields. A detailed models of this structure is developed and denoted as a Cosmic Lattice (CL). The CL spatial structure is built by two type particles of different intrinsic matter substances, combined in nodes. The atomic matter is formed of complex helical structures, built by the same two types of particles. The CL structure is quite unique and distinguishable from any kind of known substances. It, however, possesses some specific parameters that can be accurately expressed by the known physical constants. Some of these parameters are: CL static pressure (related to the mass, referenced in BSM as a Newtonian mass), CL dynamical pressure (related to the zero point energy) and CL partial pressure (related to the inertial properties of the helical structures and atomic matter in CL space). In such environments the photon spatial structure is explainable and the light velocity is derivable parameter. All effects of Special and General Relativity are explainable. Many rules adopted in the Quantum Mechanics, atomic and particle physics are also explainable without need of uncertainty principle. The analysis of the physical phenomena, according to BSM theory, logically leads to quite different physical concepts in the range from subatomic particles to the galaxies and Universe. The developed concepts are in full agreement with numerous experimental results and observations.
The theoretical models and developed concepts, according to a BSM theory, lead to the following results and conclusions:
The physical world is real. All kind of phenomena from micro to macro Cosmos are explainable in a three dimensional space and unidirectional time scale.
The energy is inseparable attribute of the matter.
The surrounding space (in which we live and observe) is structured. It contains unique underlying matter structure named a Cosmic Lattice (CL) responsible for the unique properties of that space as: quantum features, fields, inertial interactions.
The elementary particles of the CL structure and atomic matter are built by two type of prisms with geometrical ratio 2:3 formed of two different intrinsic matter substances. They possess axial gravitational anisotropy and opposite twisting of their lower level structure. Prisms of same type are attracted in empty space by force inverse proportional to the cube of the distance, denoted as Intrinsic Gravitation (IG). Four prisms of same type form a CL node with prism axis spatially arranged as a diamond lattice. The spatial CL structure is formed of the two type of nodes (of same type prisms) alternatively arranged.
The photon is a quantum wave with specific spatial structure propagated in CL space.
The constant light velocity is an attribute of the propagation of the quantum wave in CL space.
The atomic particles are complex formation of helical structures made of same prisms held by IG forces. They are formed in unique process of intrinsic matter crystallization in a hidden phase of the galaxy evolution.
Boson masses are equivalent energy signatures from destruction of unstable forms of helical structures in CL space.
The fine structure constant originates in the lowest level of matter organization, but its signature is propagated up to the atomic and molecular level. Its signature is also involved in the inertial properties of the atomic matter in CL space environments
The underlying spatial structure and the complex helical structures of the atomic particles have not been taken into account in the existed so far models of the scattering experiments. This leads to a huge deviation of the calculated dimensions of the atomic particles from the reality.
The Bohr atomic model is a correct mathematical model in empty space. The real physical model in structured space, however, is completely different.
The effects of the Quantum mechanics, Special and General relativity are explainable by classical means.
The equation E = mc^2 expresses a correct energy balance, while the concept of matter annihilation is logically incorrect. The mass we are familiar with is a form of matter organization, referenced in BSM as a Newtonian mass. While this mass may disappear in some destruction processes, the intrinsic matter could never disappear.
The Cosmic Microwave Background radiation (CMB) is a signature of the Zero Point Energy (ZPE) possessed by the CL space, while its spatial (dipole) anisotropy is an result of inertial interactions between the atomic matter of our local frame (local CL space) and the galactic CL space.
Every normal galaxy undergoes through periodical recycling process with hidden phases of matter structural transformation and visible phase of active life of its atomic matter.
Every active galaxy contains galactic nucleus of intrinsic matter at low level of matter organization, possessing enormous stored energy. This energy feeds the galactic matter during its active life.
The globular clusters are remnant from the past galaxy life. They does not contain galactic nucleus. So they possess lower total energy and their CL space is characterized with lower ZPE.
The quasars are huge pipe bridges between two remnants with potential difference between their ZPE inside a home galaxy. They create conditions of coherent type of radiation from flowing highly activated atomic matter.
Pulsars are huge bunches of kaon nuclei created and previously existed in the central region of the former stars. They have extended shape with polar orientation in the former star. They are able to create conditions of super strong magnetic field in CL space and possess a continuous jet (one or two) from destruction of the kaon's helical structures. Their spin stabilization and propulsion force ( propulsion - for one jet pulsar) are result of interaction mechanism in CL space environments.
The Universe is stationary but not homogeneous. The observed red shift of the galaxies is not from a Doppler shift, but from parameter difference of molded low level particles of intrinsic matter, a process in which the total amount of intrinsic matter and energy of the galaxy is involved.
1. H. E. Puthoff, Can the Vacuum be Engineered for Spaceflight applications?, NASA Breakthrough Propulsion Physics conference at Lewis Res. Center, Aug 1997.
2. H. E. Puthoff, S. R. Little, M. Ibison, Engineering the Zero-Point Field and Polarizable Vacuum for Interstellar Flight, First International Workshop in Field Propulsion, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK, Jan 2001.
3. Earth Tech's Farnsorth Fusor - Version in www.earthtech.org/experiments/fusor/bigsys3.html
Note: The papers 1 and 2 are available in www.nidsci.org/articles/articles3.html
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