Figure notation:

a. Geometrical parameters of the electron

b. Oscillating electron

c. Proton (neutron) shape and geometrical parameters

d. Axial section view of the internal structure of proton (neutron)

e. Axial section of FOHS showing the internal RL structure

f. Radial section of FOHS showing the internal RL structure

g. Radial section view of the internal structure of proton (neutron)

h. Axial section of FOHS with RL(T) showing the modulation of the SPM vector of CL space (electrical charge)

Abbreviations: FOHS – First Order Helical Structure

CL - Cosmic Lattice

SPM - Spatial Precession Momentum (vector of CL node)

RL - Rectangular Lattice

RL(T) – Rectangular Lattice (Twisted)

The electron is a system composed of three independent helical structures made of right-hand ((-) assignment) and left- hand ((+) assignment) twisted prisms. Inside the cylindrical internal space of the two helical strictures another type of spatial structure exists named RL(T) type. RL(T) structures are responsible for modulation of the SPM vectors and creation of electrical charge in the Cosmic Lattice space (vacuum). The normal electron contains internal positron. The moving and oscillating electron interacts with the node SPM vectors of CL space.

The proton and neutron are built of same helical
structures. They are distinguished only by

Table of calculated geometrical parameters

Parameter |
Value (m) |
Name |

R |
3.8615932E-13 |
Compton radius |

s |
1.77061164E-14 |
Helical step |

r |
8.842805E-15 |
Small electron radius |

r |
5.895203E-15 |
Small positron radius |

L |
1.6277E-10 |
Proton core length |

L |
0.667E-10 |
Proton length |

W |
0.19253E-10 |
Proton width |

2(R |
7.84109E-13 |
Proton core thickness |