A new horizon for the structural chemistry, nanotechnology, molecular biology, DNA and cancer research

        The technological achievements in the last decades allowed remarkable advances in the fields of the structural chemistry, nanotechnology and molecular biology. One specific feature of the complex molecules is their ability to preserve their 3D shapes. The biomolecules exhibit even more complicated features, related with their spatial configurations. Their complex structural characteristics and behavior are not satisfactorily explained by the atomic models of Quantum mechanics. While these models rely heavily on the uncertainty principle, the deterministic features and behavior of the biomolecules  do not carry its signature.

        Many physicists with a broader vision in physics have expressed the idea that the planetary atomic models used by the Quantum mechanics are mathematical, but not real physical entities. This is one of the reason that the logical understanding for number of quantum mechanical phenomena is lost. This concept, however, is often forgotten. Even Richard Feynman, a master of quantum mechanical calculation said: “Nobody understand the quantum mechanics” (how it works). Albert Einstein in his paper “Can Quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” writes: “Every element of the physical reality must have a counterpart in the physical theory” (Phys. Rev., 47, 777-780, (1935)).

        Recent interdisciplinary studies involving different fields of physics and chemistry indicate that the physical models of the atoms are different from the planetary concept of the atomic model, while possessing the same energy levels provided by the quantum mechanics. It is evident that many fields of natural science may  benefit if the real physical models are found and used. In the first place, these models will be quite useful in the fast developing fields, such as the structural chemistry, nanotechnology and molecular biology. Now the advances in these fields came to a point when the processes at atomic level must be clearly understood.

        A new unified field theory titled Basic Structures of Matter, based on a new concept about the space known as a vacuum, unveils the physical models of the atoms. The suggested models are physical structures different from the planetary models adopted by the Quantum mechanics, but possessing the same interaction energies. The protons and neutrons in the nuclei of the physical models are arranged in well defined order, while the Z-number trend defined by the protons matches the raw-column signature of the Periodic table. The atomic nuclei additionally define the chemical bond positions and the structural restrictions in the chemical compounds. The latter two features are not apparent from the Quantum mechanical models, but they are quite evident in the structural chemistry and molecular biology.  

The suggested physical models allow theoretical analysis of complex molecules at atomic level including the possible quantum mechanical processes. The preserved logical understanding provides a powerful analytical approach. This may open a new horizon for the structural chemistry, nanotechnology, molecular biology, DNA and cancer research. See the articles: Theoretical analysis of bio-molecules using BSM models in (see gif files < 20 KB: ) and Modeling in nanotechnology ... Applications